The job of a human resource manager is fast evolving into a partnership with the directors of a company. The opportunity to act as the bridge between employees and the director board makes this career exciting and satisfying.
It is estimated that by 2028, human resource management jobs are projected to grow by 7%, which is astonishingly faster than the average of all other career options by 2.2%.
Hence, there is an ever-growing demand for trained professionals who can help companies fine-tune their human resources by implementing the latest human resource management practices. Furthermore, even CEOs of large corporations do learn HR skills, realizing the importance of those skills in managing talent.
What is HR?
In simple terms, HR or Human Resources is the department that bridge the gap between performance delivered by a company’s human resources and the compny’s strategic objectives. HR hire and develop the employees as required by the organization and manage all administrative tasks associated with it.
They help the company focus on growth by eliminating and preventing any misunderstandings between employees and their employer. They resort to some innovative employee welfare and training programs to keep this relationship warm.
As stated, innovation is the key. Whoever wishes to build a career in human resource management needs to keep updated on the latest developments in the field. That is precisely why HR certification matters. Getting quality training from the experts helps to refresh your skills and stay ahead of your competition in the job market.
HR Career Path
For promising candidates, the HRM (Human Resources Management) job presents excellent opportunities for career growth.
Career paths for HR professionals are so diverse that within the domain there are more than 20 distinct but related job functions each of which requires a specialized set of skills to perform.
Each HR job role can be put under one of the 4 categories according to the level of skills and experience one needs to perform it. They are entry-level, mid-level, senior-level, and specialized HR job roles.
Entry Level HRM Jobs
Mid-level HRM jobs
Senior-level HRM jobs
Specialized HRM Jobs
Entry Level HRM Jobs
A common choice for many beginning their human resource management job. A staffing coordinator is responsible for screening applications, coordinating the orientation of newly recruited employees, and performing administrative tasks.
They make around $26,880 per annum. One can easily acquire the necessary skills to become a staffing coordinator by pursuing an HR management certification.
The duties of a staffing specialist are not much different from that of a staffing coordinator. They are tasked with creating job descriptions as per directions from the management, assessing curriculum vitae and applications, and common HR-related administrative tasks. Therefore, attending professional training on how to become an HR professional can be of immense help if you want to kickstart your career in human resource management as a staffing specialist.
HR assistants are usually the point of contact in a company for employees to notify of their grievances. They also clear doubts about employees on payroll and benefits.
They usually help employees with paperwork and documentation. They are also entrusted with guiding the employees on company policies and benefits.
They keep the records and paperwork related to employee data, contracts, and other HR databases.
Their responsibility is to gather and scrutinize employee data and present the management with the necessary information to make decisions.
Mid-level HRM jobs
After a couple of initial years in an entry-level human resource management job, one gets elevated to one of the mid-level positions in the human resource career path with an enhanced compensation package and a more comprehensive set of responsibilities.
These are seasoned HR professionals with around five years of experience. They generally oversee the processes involved in recruiting and hiring employees and orienting newly recruited employees.
Unlike a specialist, the roles and responsibilities of an HR generalist are much broader in scope. Their typical routine includes general HR tasks along with other administrative tasks in the company.
As the term suggests, they don’t directly implement any company policies, and instead, they oversee entry-level HR professionals who carry out the tasks. This position is ideal for anyone who wants to garner hands-on people management experience.
They are usually engaged in screening the performance of probationers and full-time employees. KPIs are monitored when the probation period ends or annually.
Senior-level HRM jobs
All the decision-making of an organization’s HR-related activities is conducted at this level. Veteran human resource professionals with 10 years or more experience reach this position in their human resource career path.
Very similar to the duties of an HR supervisor, an HR manager handholds the HR functions, including but not limited to recruiting, training, payroll, benefits, and employee relations.
They are top-level managers in the same position as deputy directors of a company. The HR directors make strategic decisions regarding the human resource department.
3.VP of human resource
Someone with direct access to the CEO of a company, the VP of human resources, specializes in developing and promoting effective Human resource strategies for the long-term success of his company’s operations.
4.CHRO (Chief Human Resource Officer)
They are in control of strategizing and materializing human resource plans with the assistance of the company’s overall vision and strategic scheme, precisely in the areas of succession planning, talent management, change management, organizational and performance management, training, and development, and compensation.
Specialized HRM Jobs
Development managers, also called "training managers," organize employee training programs and materials. It is a decisive position where the candidate should be constantly updated about the pulses of the industry.
They are the ones who keep tabs on a company’s practices to make sure that everything follows government regulations.
3.Employee Relations Manager
As the term suggests, they facilitate and manage employee relations on behalf of the company. They use surveys, interviews, and other studies to conduct research regarding human resource policies, compensation, and other employment issues. Once concluded, they give recommendations to the management regarding the improvements stipulated.
This profession, sometimes referred to as interviewers, develops recruiting plans and searches for new talent through a network of industry organizations, professional contacts, social media, and job fairs.
They manage job applications, identify and screen applicants, and manage recruitment campaigns. Skills testing, background checks, and credit checks may be part of the screening process. Interviews are then conducted to identify qualified candidates. The staffing manager maintains a large candidate pool and an extensive network to fill positions with the best talent quickly.
In this role, benefits managers carry out an organization's employee benefits program, which can include health and life insurance policies, and leave policies, retirement plans, and wellness programs.
Human Resource Management Job Salary Table
|HR Job Role
||Average Annual Salary
|VP of Human Resource
|CHRO (Chief Human Resource Officer)
|Employee relations manager
How To Advance Your Career In Human Resource Management
1.Build your network
Your professional network can provide you with more opportunities to gain knowledge, grow, and find jobs. Become a part of your industry's network through conferences, social events, trade shows, HR organizations, and professional networks. Getting connected is about giving and receiving, not taking. Building trust and helping each other are the key to connecting. Establishing regular contact with your contacts and searching for opportunities to help them strengthens your relationship.
If you're aware of the latest trends in your industry, you are more likely to spot potential opportunities in your sector, such as new niches that other companies have not yet explored, if you are aware of the latest industry developments. Additionally, you'll better understand the opportunities for growth in your existing business.
3.Build Your Credentials
Credentials like professional HR certifications can raise your level of employability by showcasing domain expertise. You must first complete the educational and experience criteria to get certified, then pass an exam. Then on your resume, list any credentials or continuing education courses you've completed.
4. Be Open to Change and Challenges
A good HR expert should be competent in managing morale, collaboration, and upskilling in response to the organization’s vision. You're displaying your capacity to look laterally and use new ideas to simplify the organization by searching out problems in these areas.
Keep challenging yourself with new experiments and innovative practices. If staff retention challenges your company, look into innovative employee appreciation programs that have been proven to be successful and test their effectiveness in your company’s organizational setting. Is your recruitment process dragging behind the target? It’s your opportunity to probe the effectiveness of your methods.
5.Avoid Being One-Track Minded
Obsession with work or being under a heavy workload can develop an HR tunnel vision in professionals. They leave aside everything else happening in their company to focus on the job assigned to them. Unfortunately,this can be counterproductive in most cases.
Find time to walk around the office and make friends in other departments. Meet your colleague over lunch and invite them for a coffee sometimes. Doing so will help you build a group of mentors. Having such a group of mentors outside the HR realm will broaden your perspective and expand your toolkit.
HR Generalist Vs HR Specialist
As the term suggests, HR generalists are equipped with a wide variety of skills to perform the entire spectrum of HR responsibilities. They often work with a team under a director to complete their tasks. With varying company requirements, they are tasked with duties of contrasting nature. For instance, an HR generalist might invest a full day onboarding newly recruited employees while spending the next day on dispute resolution. This job is perfect for someone who enjoys variety in their day-to-day job.
An HR specialist finds herself concentrating on a single function under the HR domain. In most cases, they were HR generalists before deciding to jump to the new career. But, just like their counterparts, HR specialists also form integral parts of teams that facilitate the smooth running of a company.
|Scope of work is much wider compared to a specialist.
||The responsibilities of an HR Specialist are much narrower but with deeper impact. With a routine nature.
|Usually found in companies with flat organisational structure.
||The skills of an HR specialist are better utilised in a hierarchical organisational setup.
Has an assorted set of responsibilities like,
- Staffing & Recruitment
- Compensation & Benefits
- Personnel policies & procedures
- Employee relations
- Workplace safety & securely
Focuses on job functions including but not limited to,
- HR development specialist
- Risk management specialist
- HR Information System specialist
- Employee and labor relations specialist
- Organizational development specialist.
|The position of an HR Generalist is usually at the beginning of one's HR career path.
||One becomes an HR Specialist usually after gaining some experience in the domain as a generalist. By the time they make the shift, they have a clear understanding of what HR is.
Whichever HR career path you decide to pursue on your way to the top, a career in human resource management often calls for a deep understanding of business management and strategy, workforce planning and employment, and HR development. Most of the time, HR graduates begin their career as HR generalists, find a niche area they feel comfortable exploring further, and then pursue it as an HR specialist.